Labour Market Institutions in the Western Balkan Countries and their Economic Implications: Evidence for Kosova

MSc. Anera Alishani, BA. Ariana Shabani, Dr.Sc. Muje Gjonbalaj

Abstract


Flexicurity as one of the most important priorities of employment policies in the EU and its Member States is considered to be also important for the other states of Central and Eastern Europe, including the Western Balkans. According to European Commission (2007, p.7), flexicurity as a combination of flexibility and security in working arrangements can be suggested as an answer to dynamic changes happening in today’s national and international economies; it is an answer to the EU’s dilemma on how to maintain and improve competiveness while reinforcing the European social model.

The countries of the Western Balkan which have suffered from the transition process still cannot have a desirable performance of the labour market. Even though the economies of Western Balkan have experienced some economic growth that followed the post-socialist recession, it did not reflect also on better labour market performance, in other words it was considered a “jobless growth”.

To address this issue, this paper provides a literature review of the notion of flexicurity and then investigates the relevance of flexicurity for the countries of the Western Balkans through its found components (flexible and reliable contractual arrangements, lifelong learning, active employment policies and social security system). Even though flexicurity can be a way out for low performed economies it is considered as highly costly.

Keywords


labour market; flexicurity; GDP growth; performance; institutions; Western Balkan;

References


Statistical Office in Kosovo, (2013), “Rezultatet e Anketës së Fuqisë Punëtore 2012 në Kosovë”, Prishtinë.

Betcherman G., Godfrey, M., Jain, Sh., Kuddo, A., Linden, T., and Miwa, K., (2007), “The Labor Market and Education and Training in the Western Balkans A Policy Note”, forthcoming.

Blanchard, O., (2002), “Designing Labor Market Institution”, unpublished, Cambridge.

Cazes, S., and Nesporova, A., (2007), “Flexicurity: A Relevant Approach in Central and Eastern Europe”, International Labour Organization, Geneva.

Cazes, S., and Nesporova, A., (2003), “Labour Markets in Transition: Balancing flexibility and security in Central and Eastern Europe” International Labour Organization, Geneva.

Central Bank of Kosova, (2009), “Financial Stability Report 2009,” Central Bank of Kosova, Prishtina.

Druska, V., Jeong, B., Kejak, M., and Vinogradov, V., (2001), “Assessing the problem of human capital mismatch in transition countries”, CERGE-EI, Prague.

European Commission, (2011), “Kosovo 2011 Progress Report”, Brussels.

European Commission, (2007), “Towards Common Principles of Flexicurity: More and better jobs through flexibility and security”, Brussels.

European Expert Group on Flexicurity, (2007), “Flexicurity Pathways: Turning Hurdles into Stepping Stones, Brussels, European Commission, 2007.

Hoti, A., (2004), “Human Capital and Unemployment in Transition Economies: The Case of Kosova”, Institute University of Prishtina, Faculty of Economy and Riinvest Institute for Development Research, Prishtina,

International Monetary Fund, (2012), “World Economic Outlook, October 2013”, Available from: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/02/weodata/weoselser. aspx?c=967&t=1. [Accessed 9 November, 2013]

International Monetary Fund, (2003), “Unemployment and labor market institutions: Why reforms pay off”, World Economic Outlook, Washington DC.

Karanauskytė, R., (2010), “Flexicurity in the Lisbon Strategy, Law Department Faculty of Economics and Law”, Kaunas College.

Laporsek S and Dolenc P (2011) “On The Way Towards Flexicurity In The Countries Of Former Yugoslavia” International journal of economics and law Vol. 1, No. 3 (2011)[70-77].

Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare (2010), “Puna dhe Punesimi”, Department of Work and Emplotment, Prishtina.

Micevska M (2004) Unemployment and Labour Market Rigidities in Southeast Europe, the wiiw Balkan Observatory, Working Papers 049

Novkovska, B (2006) Labour market flexibility and employment security in the Republic of Macedonia mimeo, Geneva: ILO.

OECD (1999), Employment Outlook. Paris: OECD.

Riboud, Michelle, Carolina Sánchez-Páramo, and Carlos Silva-Jáuregui (2002), “Does Eurosclerosis Matter? Institutional Reform and Labor Market Performance in Central and Eastern European Countries in the 1990s,” World Bank Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0202. Washington D.C.: World Bank.

Svejnar, J., (1999), “Labour Market in Transition Central and East European Economies”, Handbook of Labour Economics, Vol. 3A, Amsterdam; North Holland.

Topxhiu, R., Krasniqi- Xhelili F., and Mustafa, A., (2012), “Flexicurity and Labour Market in Kosova, Economics and Finance Review, Vol. 1(11) pp. 68 – 79.

Vierbrock, E., and Clasen, J., “Flexicurity-a state- of- the art review”, Working Paper on the Reconciliation of Work and Welfare in Europe (REC-WP 01/2009).

Wilthagen, T. (2007) ‘Flexicurity Practices’, European Commission, Brussels.

Wilthagen, T., and Tros, F., (2004) “The Concept of “Flexicurity: A New Approach to Regulating Employment and Labour Markets. Transfer, European Review of Labour and Research, Vol. 10, No. 2.

Wilthagen, T., F. Tros, and H.V. Lieshout, (2003), “Towards “flexicurity”?: balancing flexibility and security in EU member states, Invited paper for the 13th World Congress of the International Industrial Relations Association (IIRA), Berlin.

World Bank (2012), “In from the Shadow Integrating Europe’s Informal Labour Market by Packard, Koettl and Montenegro”.

World Bank and IFC (2010), “Employing Workers Data”.

World Bank Indicators, (2009), “Indicators for 2009”,


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.21113/iir.v3i2.117

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 MSc. Anera Alishani, BA. Ariana Shabani, Dr.Sc. Muje Gjonbalaj

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
x
Message