Security Sector Reform in Kosovo: From institutional transitions to the democratic consolidation

Dr.Sc. Bekim Baliqi

Abstract


This article explores the relationship between Security Sector Reform (SSR) and institutional transition in post-conflict countries, drawing on a case study of Kosovo. The study focuses on the institution-building of core security institutions and the role of international community in Sector Security Reform in Kosovo, reviewing the ways in which security, the rule of law and political context have been intertwined. The article first outlines the context of the international mission in Kosovo, in particular transformation of Kosovo Liberation Army through Demilitarization, Demobilization and Reintegration before proceeding to consider how the objectives, needs and constraints of international and local actors have influenced the reform of the security institutions and the security in general. Then, article explores the establishment of Kosovo Police Service and the reform process of this and other relevant security institution. In the first line, article will discusses concepts of SSR and overview an overall process of democratic transition with a main focus on security sector. After the presentation of a brief development of the SSR in Kosovo since the end of war with focus on the role of international community, article will be completed by the main findings and conclusions of this research

Keywords


security sector reform; demilitarization; demobilization; reintegration; Nations; rule of law; Kosovo;

References


Andreas Heinemann-Grüder/ Wolf-Christian Paes: Wag the dog. The mobilization and demobilization of the Kosovo Liberation Army, Bonn International Center for Conversion, (Brief 20), Bonn 2001

Alan Bryden/ Heiner Hänggi: (Ed.) Reform and Reconstruction of the Security Sector, Münster, LIT Verlag 2004

Alexandros Yannis: Kosovo under International Administration. An ELIAMEP 2001

Gordon Peake: Policing the peace. Police reform experiences in Kosovo, Southern Serbia and Macedonia. Saferworld Report, Januar 2004

Jeroen de Zeeuw: Building Peace in War-Torn Societies. From Concept to Strategy, Netherlands Institute of International Relations, August 2002

Edward Rees: Public Security Management and Peace Operations. Kosovo and UNMIK: Never Land, 2004

OECD/DAC: Handbook on Security System Reform (SSR) Supporting Security and Justice, Paris 2007

Strategjia e Republikës se Kosovës, 2010 Prishtinë

UNDP: Kosovo Internal Security Sector Review, 2006

UNDP: Public Pulse Report no. 4, Prishtina August 2012

William G. O`Neill: Kosovo. An Unfinished Peace, Lynne Rienner Publisher, Boulder


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.21113/iir.v2i2.141

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Copyright (c) 2016 Dr.Sc. Bekim Baliqi

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