The role of NATO in the demilitarization of Kosovo Liberation Army and in establishment of Kosovo Protection Corps and Kosovo Security Force

Dr.Sc. Bejtush Gashi, Dr.Sc. Dario Molnar

Abstract


Kosovo Liberation Army was demilitarized and demobilized pursuant to Rambouillet accord articles and 1244 Resolution, under the control of military component of the international administration in Kosovo – Kosovo Forces (NATO). Establishment of Kosovo Protection Corps (KPC) followed this process, with the civil emergency organizational mission, which operated until the adoption of constitution of Republic of Kosovo, promulgated on June 15, 2008. The constitution foresaw KPC disbandment and creation of a new security formation in Kosovo – Kosovo Security Forces (KSF). The decree of USA president, Xhorxh W. Bush, dated 19.03.2008 indicates the political importance of KSF creation in promotion of Kosovo’s independence.

The Security Sector reform will keep its special focus in periodical review programming of KSF positional development in adaptation to new situation in security environment, reflecting concrete examples through new events, missions, tasks and roles for KSF units, always compliant with the concrete needs of the country and with the Euro-Atlantic collective protection structure standards. 


Keywords


Demilitarization; demobilization; KLA; KPC; Kosovo Constitution; 1244 Resolution; Rambouillet Agreement; NATO; KFOR;

References


Albright M., Madam Secretary, Pan Books, 2003

Carment D., Harvey F., Using Force to Prevent Ethnic Violence: An Evaluation of Theory and Evidence, Praeger, Westport, 2001.

Clark W. K., Waging Modern War, Public Affairs, New York, 2001

Constitutional framework for provisional Self-government in Kosovo

Čehulić Vukadinović L., ed. Šipan 2007. yearbook, Political Culture, Zagreb, 2008

Declaration of Kosovo independence adopted in the Assembly of Kosovo on 17. February 2008.

Dobbins J., Nation Building- The Inescapable Responsibility of the World’s Only Superpower, Rand

Heineman A., Paes C., Wag the Dog: The Mobilization and Demobilization of the Kosovo Liberation Army, Friedrich Naumann Stiftung

Military Technical Agreement between the International Security Force („KFOR“) and the Governments of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Serbia, 9. June 1999.

Regulation No. 1999/8 On the Establishment of the Kosovo Protection Corps,

Reka B., UNMIK, Logos-A, Prishtina, Tirana, 2003.

Snow D.M., National Security for a New era: Globalization and Geopolitics, Pearson - Longman, New York, 2007.,

Standards for Kosovo

Comprehensive Proposal for Status Settlement of 27. March 2007

The Kosovo Protection Corps, Commander Kosovo Force’s Statement of Principles

The Kosovo Protection Corps in Search of a Future, Centre for European Security Studies Groningen, 2005.

The Kosovo Protection Corps Training Programme

The Law on the Ministry for the Kosovo Security Forces

Undertaking of demilitarization and transformation by the UCK, signed on 20 June 1999.

United Nations, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999), 10 June 1999.

Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo

Law on service in Kosovo Security Forces


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.21113/iir.v2i2.143

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Dr.Sc. Bejtush Gashi, Dr.Sc. Dario Molnar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
x
Message