Political culture in Macedonia after the Ohrid Framework Agreement

  • Dr.Sc. Jonuz Abdullai
  • Mr. Demush Bajrami
Keywords: Macedonia, Ohrid Agreement, Western Balkan, political culture, democracy, transition, integration,


The political culture, according to scholar Kavanagh is part of the overall societal culture, and represents a set of basic values, emotions, knowledge, attitudes and convictions, within which the political system operates, shaping and feeding political processes. Culture came as a sequence to efforts to factor the spiritual world of people in explicating policy. Political culture brings to surface some kind of independence of culture from economic factors, and the role of culture in political order and economic development.

This paper provides the theoretical aspects of political culture and political systems, within which its reflection is analysed on several aspects of interethnic relations in a democracy. Also, it accentuates the preferred paths of Western Balkan countries, including Macedonia, towards integration with the European Union, which is spiked with many challenges. In the political culture of multi-ethnic societies, ethnic divisions may have an influence. The ethnic principles are still present in the political arena of Macedonia, where although there is some “interethnic reconciliation”, the failure in implementing the Ohrid Framework Agreement, signed in 2001, between Albanians and Macedonians, there are often political contractions, affecting national interests, which is in contradiction to all values of the European Union, mainly with human rights, but also ethnic rights.

The object of the analysis of this paper is specifically related to:

  • extended transition of Macedonia,
  • political consensus,
  • role of political parties, and
  • interethnic relations after the Ohrid Framework Agreement.

Political culture in South-Eastern European countries has been analysed in different views, especially in the reform process, where it has an important role.

Conclusions of this paper are that Macedonia must fulfil the conditions set forth, both political and institutional, based on the political culture for EU integration, since political culture, according to scholar L. Pye represents a “set of basic values, emotions and knowledge shaping and feeding political processes”.



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