Diversity measures are a type of non-criminal measures foreseen in the Chapter IV of the Code of Juvenile Justice, which may be imposed on juvenile perpetrators of criminal acts.
These measures can be applied in cases of minor offenses, for which is foreseen the criminal sanction with a fine or imprisonment up to three years or for criminal offenses committed by negligence for which is foreseen the sentence up to five years of imprisonment, except those cases that result in death.
With the imposition of these measures is intended to prevent criminal proceedings against juveniles whenever is possible, rehabilitation and reintegration of juvenile in his/her community and the prevention of recidivist behaviour.
Competent authority to impose them is the public prosecutor, the juvenile judge and juvenile court. And they are executed by the Kosovo Correctional Service.
Rexhep Gashi, Law on Execution of Criminal Sanctions, legal instrument of great importance for the Kosovo penitentiary system”, Magazine Law No. 1/2005, Magazine on legal and social affairs, Law Faculty, University of Prishtina.
Ragip Halili, Criminology, Third edition, Prishtina, 2002.
Azem Hajdari, Juvenile Criminal Justice Procedure (with the Juvenile Justice Law), Prishtina, 2005.
Vllado Kambovski, Criminal Law, General Part, (translated in Albanian), Skopje, 2006.
Vesel Latifi, Juvenile delinquency criminalistics, Prishtina, 1982.
Lirije Morina, Topic: Role of public prosecutor in the imposition of diversity measures, Seminar organized by the Kosovo Judicial Institute, Prishtina, 2009.
Rexhep Murati, Revision of criminal procedure due to new facts and evidences, Prishtina, 2006.
Valon Murati and Selatin Kllokoqi, Alternative measures in the Kosovo juvenile justice system; General community work as a diversity measure, Prishtina, 2008.
Ismet Salihu: Juvenile Justice Legislation (with the Juvenile Justice Law), Prishtina, 2005.
Ismet Salihu: Criminal Law, General Part, Prishtina, 1995.
Ejup Sahiti, Criminal Procedure Law, Prishtina, 2005.
Bajram Ukaj, Criminal sanctions against the juveniles in the Kosovo Juvenile Justice Law of 2004, Law No. 1-2/2008, Magazine on legal and social affairs, Law Faculty, University of Prishtina.
Laws, Regulations and International Documents:
Juvenile Justice Code, (Official Gazette of the Republic of Kosovo, Prishtina No. 78 dated 20.08.2010)
Kosovo Criminal Code, (UNMIK Regulation 2003/26, 6 July 2003).
Kosovo Juvenile Justice Law, (UNMIK Regulation 2004/8, 20 April 2004).
Law on Execution of Criminal Sanctions, (UNMIK Regulation 2004/46, 19 November 2004).
Law on Minor Offenses (Official Gazette of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo No. 23, Prishtina, 20 June 1979).
UNMIK Regulation 24/99, on Kosovo applicable law, 12 December 1999.
UNMIK Regulation 2004/34, on Criminal Procedure involving perpetrators with mental disorders, 24 August 2004.
United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (The Beijing Rules), General Assembly Resolution 40/33, 29 November 1985.
Standard Minimum Rules for Non-custodial Measures (Tokyo Rules), General Assembly Resolution 45/110, 14 December 1990.
UNICEF Unite for Children, Diversity Measures, European Commission Liaison Office, (publication in Albanian).
UNICEF Unite for Children, Guidelines on specific diversity measures, European Commission Liaison Office, (publication in Albanian).
Kosovo Probation Service Newsletter of 2007
Kosovo Probation Service Newsletter No. 5.
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