Smuggling of migrants in Kosovo
Smuggling of migrants, as a serious type of criminality, takes an important place in legal science and criminal legislation. This is due to the fact that actions creating the image of these criminal offences also cause numerous individual, family and societal consequences. Smuggling migrants, with all its consequences, attracts the attention not only of the state authorities, but also the wider public, and numerous researchers and scholars. Nevertheless, despite this fact, this phenomenon has not been studied thoroughly. There is a dire lack of such research in recent years, specifically because of the presence of such crimes in a relatively higher number. This circumstance, specifically the fact that in Kosovo, smuggling migrants is a frequent occurrence, made me engage in studying this type of criminality.
The aim of this paper is to research on criminal offences of migrant smuggling in Kosovo, and especially their causes. The causes of these criminal offences may be of numerous natures, but the main causes may be sought in social and economic circumstances, and other conditions related to the unstable political setting, weaknesses in operations of justice authorities, lack of implementation of criminal legislation, etc.
In researching the criminal offences of smuggling migrants, I have used the method of historical materialism, legal-dogmatic method, statistical method, complaint method and interviews, and the method of studying individual cases.
In the case of addressing criminal offences of smuggling migrants, I have concluded that these offences represent a serious type of crime, thereby resulting in dire individual, family and societal consequences. They are found in all modern societies, including Kosovo.
Final judgments of district courts of Kosovo sentencing perpetrators of offences of smuggling migrants during the period 2004-2008,
Bavcon Lj. Punitive policy of the socialist society of Yugoslavia (Kažnjejna politika socialističkog društva Jugoslavije), JRKKP, br. 2 - 3, Beograd, 1978,
Criminal records of district courts for 2004- 2008,
Albanian dictionary (Fjalor i shqipes së sotme), Tirana, 2002, p. 1042,
Gashi R. Organized crime (Krimi i organizuar), Prishtinë (Ligjërata të autorizuara), Prishtinë, 2010,
Gashi R. Enforcement of imprisonment sentences in Albania (Ekzekutimi i dënimit me burgim në Shqipëri), Prishtina, 2001,
Criminal Code of Kosovo,
Halili R. Criminology (Kriminologjia), Prishtina, 2000,
Hajdari A. Criminal offences of smuggling migrants, with a view on solutions provided by the Criminal Code of Kosovo (Veprat penale të kontrabandës me emigrantë me vështrim të zgjidhjeve të përcaktuara në Kodin Penal të Kosovës), E drejta, Revistë për çështje juridike dhe shoqërore, Nr. 1 - 2, Prishtina, 2008,
Hajdari A. Menschhenhandel im Kosovo, Kriminalistik, Unahangige Zeitschrift fur die kriminalistische Wissenschaft und Praxis, No.3, Deutschland, 2008,
Hajdari A, Organized criminality (Kriminaliteti i organizuar), Prishtina, 2006,
Hajdari A. The fenomenology and etiology of criminal acts involwing immigsmugling in Kosovo, Archivos de Criminología, Criminalística y Seguridad Privada › Núm. 2, Enero 2009,
Hajdari A. Juvenile criminality in Kosovo (Kriminaliteti i të miturve në Kosovë) 2001-2003, Prishtina, 2004,
Hysi V. Prevention of criminality – a key orientation of practical guaranteeing of human rights (Parandalimi i kriminalitetit - drejtim kryerësor për garantimin në praktikë të të drejtave të njeriut), Drejtësia, nr. 3 - 4, Tirana, 1996,
Hysi V. Introduction to criminology and penology (Hyrje në kriminologji dhe penologji), Tirana. 2000,
Latifi V. Criminal policy (Politika kriminale), Prishtina, 1998,
Latifi V. Criminalistics (Kriminalistika), Prishtina, 2004,
Lazarević Lj. Punitive measures of security in modern criminal law (Kaznene mere bezbednosti u savremenom krivičnom pravu), Beograd, 1969,
Milutinoviq M., Criminal policy (translation) (Politika kriminale (Përkthim), Prishtina, 1987,
Salihu I. Criminal Law, General Part (E drejta penale, Pjesa e përgjithshme), Prishtina, 2003,
Salihu I. Criminal Law, Special Part (E drejta penale pjesa e posaçme), Prishtina, 2009,
Salihu I. Murders in the SAP Kosovo (Vrasjet në KSA të Kosovës), Prishtina, 1985,
Sahiti E. Process of proving in criminal proceeding – possibilities and difficulties (Procesi i të provuarit në procedurë penale, mundësitë dhe vështirësitë), E drejta, nr. 3, Prishtinë, 1996,
Shala A. Special part of criminal law, with court cases (Pjesa e posaçme e së drejtës penale me raste nga praktika gjyqësore), Gjilan, 2010,
KPS reports on perpetrators and victims of smuggling with migrants during the period between 2004- 2010,
World Bank Report on Poverty, 2008,
Copyright (c) 2016 MSc. Albulena Hajdari
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeThe Effect of Open Access).