Internationalization of Higher Education: Trends and Strategies

MSc. Arta Mulliqi


Within the context of broad literature on higher education, this paper discusses some of the issues of the international dimension of higher education. Higher education is becoming increasingly international, as more students are willing to study overseas, enrol in international programmes in their home country, or take cour-ses at universities in other countries by using the internet. Interna-tional higher education has become an issue of negotiation on liberalizing trade in services through GATS, and an important issue for policy makers. Because of its importance on capacity bui-lding, income generation, skilled migration and mutual unders-tanding, many countries have already established strategies to encourage the mobility of students, teachers and programmes. 


Higher education; Internationalization; Knowledge - based economy;


Adnett, N. (forthcoming). The Growth of International Students and Economic Development: Friends or Foes? Journal of Education Policy.

Altbach, P. Reisberg, E. & Rumbley, L. (2009). Trends in Global Higher Education: Tracking an academic revolution. Paris: UNESCO.

Bashir, S. (2007). Trends in International Trade in Higher Education: Implications and options for developing countries. World Bank Education Working Paper Series No. 6.

International Association of Universities. (2003). Internationalization of higher education. Practices and priorities: Survey report. Paris: IAU.

IOM (2008). World Migration Report: Managing Labour Mobility in the Evolving Global Economy. vol. 4. Geneva: IOM.

Knight, J. (2006). Higher Education Crossing Borders: A Guide to the Implications of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) for Cross-border Education. A report prepared for the Commonwealth of Learning and UNESCO. France.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (1996). The knowledge-based economy. Paris: OECD.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2009). Education at a Glance. Paris: OECD.

UNECSO Institute for Statistics. (2009). Global Education Digest 2009: comparing education statistics across the world. Montreal: UIS.

Varghese, N.V. (2008). Globalization of higher education and cross-border student mobility. Research Paper series. Paris: IIEP-UNESCO.

Vincent-Lancrin,S. OECD, World Bank and CERI. (2007). Cross - border tertiary education: a way towards capacity development. Paris: OECD, World Bank and CERI.

World Bank. (1999). World development report. Washington, DC: World Bank.

World Bank. (2002). Constructing knowledge societies: new challenges for tertiary education. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.21113/iir.v1i1.202

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 MSc. Arta Mulliqi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.