“The Soft Power” of Small Countries: Kosovo Challenges and Potentials based on the Experience of Switzerland and Slovenia

MA. Gjenis Haxhimehmeti

Abstract


In the period of globalization when a big number of actors are involved in international relations, there is a need for smaller countries to be focused in a specific field in order to be successful in their foreign politics. The soft power with its increased importance is attracting academic circuits and those directly involved in foreign politics of different countries. The aim of this paper is to raise awareness among compilers and executers of foreign politics in Kosovo on the capacities that Kosovo has to achieve a success in foreign politics by the soft power. The goal can be achieved by the use of many scientific methods like: analytical – interpretive method, hermeneutic one, comparative method all of them having a holist approach to the topic. To have a better and more understandable output the study is focused in concrete examples of Switzerland and Slovenia as a potential topic to be elaborated due to the fact that in the past the states of Western Balkan didn’t pay that much attention the use of soft power in foreign politics. Instead they used the forms of classical diplomacy that resulted with not that good image of the region. Achievements of Switzerland and Slovenia by using an efficient soft power, could be a good example for Kosovo. In this case, being a crucial need, Kosovo can benefit by applying the soft power in the foreign policy.

Keywords


soft power; public diplomacy; Kosovo; Switzerland; Slovenia; international relations;

References


Agestan, L., (2012), “New actors, new foreign policy: EU-Russia and enlargement”, in Smith, Steve, Hadfield, Amelia, Dunne, Tim, “Foreign Policy: Theories, Actors, Cases”, (second edition), Oxford University Press, United Kingdom.

Batora, J., (2005), “Public Diplomacy in Small and Medium-Sized States: Norway and Canada”, Discussion Papers in Diplomacy, Netherlands Institute of International Relations “Clingendael”.

Brown, J., (2008), “The Neglected Aspect of Cultural Diplomacy, in Snow, Nancy & Taylor, Philip M., Routledge Handbook of Public Diplomacy”, Routledge, New York.

Fazliu, F., (2015), “Diplomacia Publike”, Instituti për Studime Politike dhe Ndërkombëtare, Shkup.

Federal Council, (March 2012), Swiss Foreign Policy Strategy 2012– 2015, Federal Council report to Parliament on the strategic axes of foreign policy, Bern.

Hayden, C., (2012), “The Rhetoric of Soft Power: Public Diplomacy in Global Contexts”, Lexington Books, USA.

Krasniqi, G., (2014), “Foreign Policy as a Constituive Element of Statehood and Statehood Prerogative: Tha Case of Kosovo”, in Soeren Keil & Bernhard Stahl, “The Foreign Policies of Post-Yugoslav States: From Yugoslavia to Europe”, Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Kurlantzick, J., (2007), “Charm offensive: How China’s soft power is transforming the World”, Yale University Press, Michigan, New York.

Monocle Magazine website. [Online]. Available from http://monocle.com/film/Affairs/soft-power-survey-2014-15/ . [Accessed 28 February 2015]

Nye, J. S., (2011), “A Future of Power”, Public Affairs, New York.

Nye, J. S., (2008), “The Powers to Lead”, Oxford University Press, New York.

Nye, J. S., (2004), “Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics”, Chapter 4: Wielding Soft Power, Public Affairs, USA.

Andoni, O., “Strategy for export of Kosovo’s cultural assets”. Available from http://www.kentlaw.edu/perritt/courses/seminar/andoni-final-paper%20clean.pdf. [Accessed 28 February 2015]

Rothstein, R., (1968), “Alliances and Small Power”, Columbia University Press, New York, London.

Saliu, H., (2013), “Komunikimi në diplomacinë publike: Sfidat e soft power-it të Kosovës në rritjen e imazhit ndërkombëtar”, (Tezë doktorature), Universiteti i Tiranës.

Seib, Ph., (2013), “Religion and Public Diplomacy”, Palgrave McMillan Series.

Slovenian Public Agency for Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Development, Investment and Tourism (SPIRIT), (2012), Top 300: The Largest Companies in Slovenia. Available from http://www.investslovenia.org/fileadmin/dokumenti/is/News___Media/e-Newsletter/TOP_300_2012.pdf.[Accessed 05 March 2015]

State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SBFI) website. [Online] Available from http://www.sbfi.admin.ch/themen/01366/01380/02175/index.html?lang=en. [Accessed 01 March 2015]

Vital, D., (1967), “The Inequality of States: A Study of the Small Power in international relations”, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Webometrics, Ranking Web of Universities. Available from http://www.webometrics.info/en/Ranking_Europe?page=14. [Accessed 25 February 2015]


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.21113/iir.v5i1.23

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 MA. Gjenis Haxhimehmeti

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
x
Message