Promotion of Human Rights in the Republic of Kosovo

MSc. Albulena Ukimeraj

Abstract


Fundamental rights and freedoms are constitutional category of democratic states whereas the standards for guaranteeing these rights have been determined in the highest international acts of the United Nations.

Promotion of equality and compliance with human rights initially originated in social developments in antiquity period. The Greek philosophy represented by world class philosophers Plato and Aristotle, created the foundation for complying with these rights which still serve as principles in the modern times and democratic developments. In later stages of social developments, despite the progress, compliance with human rights in the slavery era but even in the medieval times was faced with many challenges. Meanwhile, the development of the modern world, as an enlightening historic moment, it is the French Revolution, which was of course preceded by important documents in the history of development and advancement of human rights such as: Magna Carta Libertatum and the US Constitution.

The reason for addressing this topic consists in the fact that these fundamental rights and freedoms are parts of constitutions of many countries including Kosovo, which are proclaimed and protected by different acts and norms, however they continue to be infringed either by individuals or institutions. Thus, with the aim of promotion of human rights and legal basis related to them in the Republic of Kosovo, this paper will elaborate development of human rights and the legal infrastructure for protection and compliance of human rights in a chronological manner by providing conclusions on the promotion of human rights in the Republic of Kosovo. 


Keywords


Human rights; protection and compliance with rights; constitution; law;

References


Anti-Discrimination Law, (Online). Available from: https://gzk.rks-gov.net/ActDetail.aspx?ActID=10923; [Accessed 14 April, 2016]

Administrative Instruction of the Prime Minister No. 8/2005 on “Terms of Conditions for Human Rights Units”. And the Administrative Instruction No. 4/2007, (Online). Available from: https://mapl.rks-gov.net/getattachment/01bd02cf-2e42-4478-a655-177ed3655514/UA-Nr--2007-08-Per-Themelimin-e-njesive-per-te-dre.aspx; [Accessed 14 April, 2016]

European Convention on human rights,(Online). Available from: http://www.echr.coe.int/Documents/Convention_ENG.pdf [Accessed 14 April, 2016]

Ferrero Waldner B., (2003), “Understanding human rights, manual on Human Rights Education”, Austria.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Article 14 par 1, approved and opened for signature, ratification and accession by the General Assembly through its Resolution 2200 A (XXI) dated 16 December 1966, entered into force on: 23 mars 1976, (Online). Available from: http://www.unmikonline.org/regulations/unmikgazette/03albanian/Ahri/ACovenantCivilPoliticalRights.pdf; [Accessed 14 April, 2016]

Law on civil service, (Online). Available from: https://gzk.rks-gov.net/ActDetail.aspx?ActID=2679; [Accessed 14 April, 2016]

Law on Local Self-governance, (Online). Available from: https://gzk.rks-gov.net/ActDetail.aspx?ActID=2530; [Accessed 14 April, 2016]

Law on use of languages, (Online). Available from: https://gzk.rks-gov.net/ActDetail.aspx?ActID=2440; [Accessed 14 April, 2016]

Law on courts, (Online). Available from: https://gzk.rks-gov.net/ActDetail.aspx?ActID=2700; [Accessed 14 April, 2016]

Law on the Ombudsperson, (Online). Available from: https://gzk.rks-gov.net/ActDetail.aspx?ActID=10922; [Accessed 14 April, 2016]

The Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo, (Online). Available from: http://www.kryeministriks.net/repository/docs/Kushtetuta.e.Republikes.se.Kosoves.pdf; [Accessed 14 April, 2016]

The Office and good governance, The Republic of Kosovo, the office of the prime minister, (Online). Available from: http://www.kryeministri-ks.net/?page=2,51 [Accessed 14 April, 2016]

Universal declaration on human rights, Article 1, adopted on 10 December 1948, by the General Assembly of the United Nations, (Online) Available from: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/UDHR/Documents/UDHR_Translations/eng.pdf [Accessed 14 April, 2016]


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.21113/iir.v6i1.233

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 MSc. Albulena Ukimeraj

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
x
Message