Peacebuilding in Kosovo

Dr.Sc. Ngadhnjim Brovina

Abstract


Peacebuilding as a definitions has been initiated and studied quite late, while as a concept it begun to be used after the Cold War. The well-known researcher Johan Galtung, was the one who developed and reasoned the notion of peacebuilding as well as its development phasing.

For this scientific paper, which deals with peacebuilding, we have chosen as a case study, the case of Kosovo.

The main objective of this paper is to present the developments in Kosovo, and its journey towards peacebuilding, starting from 1999, a period when the war ends and peace begins.

Materials elaborated in this paper, are mainly articles and scientific papers by foreign authors, because it is worthwhile and important to have an insight into their point of view regarding Kosovo peacebuilding case.

The methodology applied in this research paper, is based on the analysis of these materials, using descriptive and historical method, through which we will highlight the case of peacebuilding in Kosovo.

The expected outcomes of this paper, aim to present the definition of peacebuilding as a concept as well as its usage in the case of Kosovo, as a case study used in this research paper. It also aims to show the challenges that Kosovo politics have encountered in order to build a sustainable peace.

In the conclusions of this paper, we would like to present the case of peacebuilding in Kosovo as a success story, and this case may be used as a model for other international cases where needed.


Keywords


Kosovo; peacebuilding; challenges; successes; failures; the international factor;

References


Buxhovi, Jusuf, Kosova-Nga Konferenca e Londrës deri te protektorati ndërkombëtar, Faik Konica & Jalifat Publishing, Prishtina & Houston, Book Three, 4th ed., 2012.

CARE International & CDA-Collaborative Learning Projects, “What Difference Has Peacebuilding Made? A Study of the Effectiveness of Peacebuilding in Preventing Violence: Lessons Learned from the March 2004 Riots in Kosovo”, Applied Knowledge Services, Governance, Social Development, Humanitarian, Conflict, 2006, Summary. Retrieved on: (22.03.2017), From: http://www.gsdrc.org/go/display&type=Document&id=2959

Chetail, Vincent, Post-Conflict Peacebuilding – A lexicon, OXFORD, United Kingdom, 2009.

Lemay-Hébert, Nicolas, “State-Building From the outside-in: UNMIK and its Paradox”. Princeton University, 2009, USA.

Harnisch, Sebastian & Stahl, Bernhard, “A force for good?: EU-Actorness and state-building dilemmata in Kosovo”, Bruges, 6-8 September 2010, UACES 40th Annual Conference, Retrieved on (15.03.2017), From: http://uaces.org/documents/papers/1001/stahl.pdf

Narten, Jens, “In Need of Self-Reflection: Peacebuilding in Post-War Kosovo from a SystemsAnalytical Perspective”, The Whitehead Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations, Winter/Spring 2007.

Paris, Roland, & Sisk, D. Timothy, The dilemmas of statebuilding-confronting the contradictions of postwar peace operations, Routledge, London & New York, 2009.

Teran, Nika Stražišar, “Peacebuilding and Organized Crime-The Cases of Kosovo and Liberia”, swisspeace, Working Paper 1, August 2007, Bern-Switzerland.

United Nations, Secretary General, “An Agenda for Peace”, Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to the statement adopted by the Summit Meeting of the Security Council on 31 January 1992, A/47/277, Retrieved on (02.04.2017), From: http://www.un-documents.net/a47-277.htm

Verheij, Abraham M., “European Union peacebuilding in Kosovo - An analysis of dealing with peacebuilding paradoxes and engagement with civil society”, 30 October 2010, Thesis for the Masters Programme “Conflicts, Territories and Identities” Radboud University Nijmegen, Supervisor: Dr. Bert Bomert.

Weller, Marc, Shtetësia e kontestuar-Administrimi ndërkombëtar i luftës së Kosovës për pavarësi, KOHA, Prishtina, 2009.


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.21113/iir.v7i1.293

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Copyright (c) 2017 Ngadhnjim Brovina

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