The Brexit challenge for Britain and Europe
Since the membership of the Great Britain in the European Union in 1973, the relations of Britain with the institutions and member countries of the European Union have been correct. The greatest problem of the Great Britain remains beyond any doubt the delegation of its "independence" in the European Union’s structures. For the ultra conservatives was unimaginable that a country that has never been conquered (since the times of the Romans 55 B.C.) would deliver the proper sovereignty to a community of continental countries and above all to the Franco-German policies who, especially the last one, enjoys a great doubt among the British politics. The paper I present tries to explain the obstacles between British and European politics in historic, economic and diplomatic terms as well as the rise of skepticism among the European leaders themselves during the past decades following the end of the Second World War. In an academic approach, in this paper, between the research and comparative methods, I have been trying to get the maxims between European and British economy, politics and diplomacy in their efforts of affecting the policies of the European Union in the global era. Brexit of course represents the sharpest challenge of the moment for the Great Britain and the European Union in the global era.
"Brexit" will cost 6% of GDP," Economist Intelligence Unit, June 22.
BBC News, June 24, 2016. Personal Diary-Gjon Boriçi
Boriçi, Gj. (2010a). "Politika, marrёdhёniet ndёrkombёtare & diplomacia nё shekujt e historisё, 1600-1899", bot. II, Tiranё: Albanian University Press.
Boriçi, Gj. (2010b). "Politika, marrёdhёniet ndёrkombёtare & diplomacia nё fillimet e shekullit XX 1900-1914", Vol. 2, Tiranё: Albanian University Press.
Brunnermeier, Markus K., Harold, J. & Landau, J-P. (2016). "The Euro and the battle of ideas", New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Cadman, E. (2016). "Carney prepares for 'Economic post-traumatic stress,' Financial Times, June 30, 2016.
Caldwell, C. (2009). "Reflections on the revolution in Europe: Immigration, Islam and the West, New York: Double Day.
EU Brexit and migration summit, Politico, February 18, 2016.
Evans-Pritchard, A. (2010). "The Euro area is in bad need of an undertaker", Daily Telegraph, December 10.
Failoa, A. & Mekhennet, S. (2016). "Tracing the path of four terrorists sent to Europe by the Islamic State", Washington Post, April 22.
Friedman, B. (2013). "The pathology of Europe's debt", New York review of books, October 9.
Herri, E. (2008). "Euro dhe e ardhmja e saj nё Shqipёri", Detyrё kursi, ADSH.
Jones, G. S. (2016). "Karl Marx; greatness and illusion", London: Allen Lane.
Jonung, L & Drea, E. (2009). "The Euro: It can't happen, It's a bad idea, It won't last", U.S. economists on the EMU, 1989-2002, European Commission Economic Papers 395.
Kirchick, J. (2017). "The end of Europe; dictators, demagogues, and the coming Dark Age", Cornwall: Yale University Press.
Kirkup, J. (2012). "David Cameron: I can imagine Britain leaving EU", Daily Telegraph, December 17.
Lever, P. (2017). "Berlin rules; Europe and the German way", London: IB Tauris.
Macshane, D. (2016). "Brexit; how Britain left Europe", London: I.B. Tauris.
OECD Migration Outlook, Paris: OECD, 2014.
Parker, G. & Barker, A. (2016). "How to win friends", Financial Times, January 23/24.
Copyright (c) 2017 Gjon BORIÇI
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeThe Effect of Open Access).