Features of the Civil Law Procedure for Protection against Discrimination
The prevention and protection against discrimination shall be applicable for all natural and legal persons in the process of exercise of the rights and freedoms guaranteed with the Constitution and the legislation of the Republic of Macedonia.
The person considering that some right has been infringed because of discrimination is entitled to submit a lawsuit in front of a competent court. The provisions from the Law on litigation procedure are adequately applied for the procedure. A civil action is commenced with the filing of a complaint. The plaintiff must file the complaint with the court. The complaint must set forth the claims and the legal basis for discrimination.
In the procedure for protection against discrimination, besides the court for general local jurisdiction, the court in whose area is the seat, or the residence of the plaintiff, also has local jurisdiction.
Amato Alessandra, Costagliola Anna, Compendio di diritto processuale civile, Maggioli Editore, 2012.
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Cédric Tahri, Procédure Civile, Bréal, 2007.
Franceschetti Paolo, La responsabilità civile, Maggioli Editore, 2009.
Лазаревиќ Адам, Основи на граѓанската судската постапка, Парнична постапка, Shkup, 1986.
Morina Iset / Nikçi Selim, Commentary – Law on Contested Procedure (Komentar – Ligji për procedurë kontestimore), Prishtina, 2012.
Nathanaili Andrea, Civil Law of Albania (E drejta civile e Shqipërisë), Tirana, 1974.
Nuni Ardian, Lectures on civil law (Leksione të së drejtës civile), Tirana, 2004.
Nuni Ardian, Introduction to Civil Law (Hyrje në të drejtën civile), Tirana, 2006.
Pozniq Borivoje, Civil Procedure Law (E drejta e procedurës civile), Second Edition, Prishtina, 1980.
Steele Jenny, Tort law, text, cases and materials, Oxford University Press, 2009.
Stephen M. Gerlis, Civil Procedure, Paula Loughlin, London, 2001.
Vincenzo Galatro, Manuele operative di procedure civile, 2008, Maggioli S.p.A., San Marino.
Laws and documents
Law on Prevention and Protection against Discrimination in Macedonia, Official Gazette no. 50/2010.
Law on Contested Procedure of Macedonia, Official Gazette no. 79/2005.
Law on Courts of Macedonia, Official Gazette no. 58/2006.
Criminal Code of Macedonia, Official Gazette no. 37/96.
Developing Anti-discrimination Law in Europe, The 27 EU Member States, Croatia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkey compared Prepared by Isabelle Chopin and Thien Uyen Do for the European Network of Legal Experts in the Non-discrimination Field November 2011 (Based on information current to 1 January 2011*) Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2012.
Cases before the Strasbourg Court
- Mata Estvez v. Spain (Application no. 56501/00).
- Glor v Switzerland (Application no. 1344/04).
- Case of Rasmussen v Denmark (Application no. 8777/79).
- Gas and Dubois v France, (Application no. 25951/07).
- Horvath and Kis v Hungarisë (ankimi nr.1146/1).
- Koua Poirrez v. France (Application no. 40892/98).
- Marschall v Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, (Application no. C-409/95).
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