Challenges for Trade Liberalization and WTO Rules: The Case of Macedonia

Dr. Sc. Fisnik Muça

Abstract


The collapse of communist systems in the Former Soviet Union and former Yugoslavia led the way for the states of these systems to the democratic systems of governance and market liberalization. Membership of the former communist bloc countries in the Euro-Atlantic alliances and international organizations of various characters has been accompanied by political, economic and social challenges. The reforms which should be realized by the governments, aimed at meeting the standards that are imposed as conditions for membership, these reforms in the field of economy and trade, accompanied by the cost that the state, domestic companies, and the population had paid to the membership process. Through this research, we aim to highlight the challenges with which it was faced the Macedonian State and Government during the process of market liberalization, with emphasis on the costs associated with and during the World Trade Organization (WTO) membership process. Following the analysis of the official reports of the WTO and the Macedonian Statistical Office, as well as the interviews with Macedonian officials, we conclude that the WTO rules and principles have had an impact on the reduction of revenues from customs, domestic businesses and legislative changes in terms of foreign trade.


Keywords


Liberalization; Trade; WTO, Costs; Customs;

References


Abdullai J. (2008), “Ndryshimet sociale dhe tranzicioni”, Tiranë: Qendra për Hulumtim të Administratës Publike.

Ketri N. (2008), “Ekonomia politike” , Tiranë: UFO Press.

Mançellari A. (1999), “Tregtia Ndërkombëtare: Teori dhe politika” , Tiranë: Shblu.

Panovska D.(March 2015), “Personal interview” , (Interviewer: Fisnik Muça), Skopje.

Verner V.(1999), “Demokracia dhe ekonomia e tregut në Evropë Lindore – Strategji për Evropën” , Tiranë: Shtëpia e Librit & Fondacioni Soros.

World Trade Organization, (2002a), “Accession of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” , Geneva.

World Trade Organization, (2002b), “Report of the working party on the accession of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” , Geneva.

Centre for Economic Analyses website [Online], Available from: http://www.mkbudget.org/prihodi/list [Accessed 20 March 2017]

State Statistical Office website [Online], Available from: http://www.stat.gov.mk/PoslednoObjavenoVoMakstat_en.aspx [Accessed 20 April 2017]


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.21113/iir.v8i1.398

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Dr. Sc. Fisnik Muça

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
x
Message