The Montessori philosophy is a good foundation to education of new generation

Dr.Sc. Agim Leka


The purpose of the paper is to present the philosophy of reform of education in Albania during the post-communist transition.

Reforming education is a priority, but has been neglected by governments over the last 25 years.

Over the last five years, the new curriculum and the new textbook system are being implemented according to the European standards. The core of reform is "have human beings learnt" (E. Ultarur, 2012).

The constructivist philosophy of learning is a sure foundation that guarantees the new quality of the educational process.

The Montessori's philosophy guarantees high quality and safety for the future because:

First, this philosophy serves as a theoretical basis and serves as a method. Montessori has discovered the stages of natural development of the thinking human beings from childhood to adolescence, basing on scientific evidence, from childhood to adolescence.

Secondly, Montessori’s constructivism moved the knowledge from the product into the process.

Montessori illuminates the way of building human values during educational teaching process at school and in the community by the falling down of the classic wall that separates school from the community (public).

Our research is based on the study of curricular experiences and on data from consultations with students, parents and specialists. The search method is holistic. By the holistic education the children need not only to develop academically, but to develop the ability as well in order to survive in the real world. The real world in our era is in front of the virtual world. In this contexts, we must teach children to learn not what?, but how? (How does it work/learn?). The teacher must learn his/her students how they construct the values by their immediate relationships with their friends and family as well as social development, health, and intellectual development.


Syncretic thinking; childhood; abstract thinking; rational thinking, values;


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DOI: 10.21113/iir.v8i2.447

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