Why should National Economies be Based on Clusters - Positive and Negative Sites

Dr.Sc. Goce Markoski

Abstract


The subject of research on this paper is the clusters and their contribution to the development of the innovation of national economies. They have been identified as one of the pillars for their rapid economic development. The relevance of the research on the innovation aspect of clusters, the development of the national economy both in the Republic of Macedonia and among the EU Member States stems from the role of clusters in overcoming economic problems on the one hand, as well as facilitation of the private initiative, acceleration of economic growth and the improvement of employment opportunities as factors of the economic development of countries on the other.

In conditions of globalization of the world economy, the issue of developing the competitiveness of businesses and their contribution to national economies, is creating conditions for developing the private sector by providing favourable business climate and eliminating administrative and bureaucratic obstacles, is raised.

The survey, conducted through data analysis in EU member states, confirmed the assumptions of the great importance and potential of clusters for the national economies of the EU member states.

Keywords


cluster; entrepreneurship; innovation; business; competitiveness;

References


EU Commission, (2008), “The Concept of Clusters And Cluster Policies And Their Role for Competitiveness and Innovation“, Main Statistical Results And Lessons Learned, EUROPAINNOVA/PRO INNO, Europe No 9

Porter, M. E., (1998), „On Competition“, Boston, Harvard Business School Press

Sölvell, O., (2008), „Clusters, Balancing Evolutionary and Constructive Forces“, Ivory Tower Publishers, Stockholm

Clusters in Europe, Mapping Clusters in Europe by different industries, from http://www.clusterobservatory.eu Retrieved on 12.07.2017.


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.21113/iir.v9i1.479

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Copyright (c) 2019 Dr.Sc. Goce Markoski

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