What’s Wrong To Kosova’s Peacebulding?

Dr.Sc. Samet Dalipi

Abstract


Two decades since the war ended in Kosova, difficulties, especially those of a political nature, worsened. The combination of local and international efforts have catalyzed and facilitated achieving the rule of law and interethnic reliability within the state of Kosovo, but not reconciliation. There are still to truths, an Albanian and a Serbian. Few of war criminals for Kosova’s crimes were sentenced. Hate speeches are again between. It appears that peace building is not as easily conceivable as initially thought, considering the lack of agreement between internal and international actors on the creation of a new state of Kosova. This article attempts to answer to what extent Kosovo’s peace building has been influenced by international ambiguity and wrongful decisions made by the Kosova’s institutions, highlighting the obstructive politics and agents such as political and socio-economic, interrupting inter-ethnic reconciliatory treatment toward sustainable peace in the Balkan region.


Keywords


Kosova, Serbia; Peace building; EU ambiguity; Constructive Ambiguity; UN SC Resolution 1244;

References


AFP News Agency, Lavrov backs Iranian deal, swipes at Ukraine and Kosovo, 28 September 2018, https://www.rferl.org/a/unga-russia-us-iran-kosovo-ukraine/29515438.html

Azar, Edward E., The Management of Protracted Social Conflict: Theory and Case, Dartmouth Publishing Company, London, 1990, at p. 11.

B. C. Smith, Good Governance and Development, Hampshire, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, p.6.

Barbara Surk, Kosovo Parliament Votes to Create an Army, Defying Serbia and NATO, The New York Times, December 14, 2018,

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/14/world/europe/kosovo-army-serbia-nato.html

Dušan Stojanović, Serbian president’s praise of Milosevic triggers outrage, Washington Post, 10 September 2018, Available at:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/serbian-presidents-praise-of-milosevic-triggers-outrage/2018/09/10/ca258470-b503-11e8-ae4f-2c1439c96d79_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.90fdf99c5905

Dvojica srpskih pripadnika KSF-a pušteni na slobodu, KoSSev, 2018,

https://kossev.info/dvojica-srpskih-pripadnika-kbs-a-pusteni-na-slobodu-2/

Erdhi lajmi i shumëpritur, Kosova i ka plotësuar kriteret për liberalizim vizash, Koha, https://www.koha.net/arbëri/105815/erdhi-lajmi-i-shumepritur-kosova-i-ka-plotesuar-kriteret-per-liberalizim-vizash/

Erëza Pula, Determinants of Trust in Institutions in Kosovo: An empirical perspective, Group for Legal and Political Studies, October, 2017. Available at:

http://www.legalpoliticalstudies.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Policy-Report-04-Trust-in-Institutions.pdf

Global Peace Indformer, 2018, available from:

http://visionofhumanity.org/indformeres/global-peace-indformer/

Independence of the Judiciary in Kosovo: Institutional and Functional Dimensions, 2012. p. 25.

https://www.osce.org/kosovo/87138?download=true, referred to Monthly Report – July 2007,

Janusz Bugajski, 2013. Return of Balkans: Challenges to European Integration and U.S. Disengagement, Strategic Studies Institute and U.S. Army War College Press. P.4.

Julija Simić, Secondhand Russian fighter jets arrive in Serbia, EURACTIV.rs,

https://www.euractiv.com/section/global-europe/news/secondhand-russian-fighter-jets-arrive-in-serbia/

Kosovo-Serbia Dialogue Challenges and the Way Forward, KDI, March 2018. p. 14.

Kosovo legislature approves creation of national army, DW,

https://www.dw.com/en/kosovo-legislature-approves-creation-of-national-army/a-46734640

Kosovske snage bezbednosti: Srpski pripadnici zatražili raskid ugovora zbog pritiska iz Srbije, KoSSev, 2018, https://kossev.info/vesti-s-kosova-kosovske-snage-bezbednosti-srpski-pripadnici-traze-ostavke-zbog-pritiska-iz-srbije/

Nga marsi, Serbia ka shtuar dukshëm presionin mbi pjesëtarët serbë në FSK, Indeksonline, 3 korrik 2018, http://indeksonline.net/nga-marsi-serbia-ka-shtuar-dukshem-presionin-mbi-pjesetaret-serbe-ne-fsk/

Papua Nova Gvineja šesta zemlja koja je povukla priznanje Kosova, RTS, 5 Jul 2018,

http://www.rts.rs/page/stories/sr/story/9/politika/3191550/papua-nova-gvineja-sesta-zemlja-koja-povlaci-priznanje-kosova.html

Public Pulse Brief, XIV, June 2018, UNDP, p. 4.

Rakić: Srpska lista izlazi iz kosovske vlade, Danas Online, 2018,

https://www.danas.rs/politika/rakic-srpska-lista-izlazi-iz-kosovske-vlade/

Samet Dalipi, Nehat Demiri, Arta Pllana-Shipoli, Not-recognizing policy within the minority EU members - Challenge for Kosovo’s Integration and Regional Peace-building, ILIRIA International Review – Vol 6, No 2 (2016) p. 176. © Felix–Verlag, Holzkirchen, Germany and Iliria College, Pristina, Kosovo, Available at: www.dx.doi.org/10.21113/iir.v6i2.272

See Ministry of Foreign Affairs, at:

http://www.mfa-ks.net/politika/484/lista-e-njohjeve/484

Slucaj Trepca: Srpski ministri zamrzli učešće u Vladi u Prištini, Politika, 2016,

https://www.kurir.rs/vesti/politika/2482613/slucaj-trepca-srpski-ministri-zamrzli-ucesce-u-vladi-u-pristini

Serbia threatens military action after Kosovo votes to create army, Independent

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/kosovo-army-security-force-serbia-military-action-invasion-ana-brnabic-a8684861.html

SERBIAN SOLDIER OF THE 21ST CENTURY: Equipment coming for 1.500 elite soldiers, Telegraf, January 2017,

https://www.telegraf.rs/english/2580769-serbian-soldier-of-the-21st-century-equipment-coming-for-1-500-elite-soldiers

Serbia to get Russian warplanes, tanks, armored vehicles, b92, December 2016,

https://www.b92.net/eng/news/politics.php?yyyy=2016&mm=12&dd=21&nav_id=100019

Thaçi: Ata që janë larguar nga FSK-ja nuk mund të kthehen më, Telegrafi, 13.7.2018, https://telegrafi.com/thaci-ata-qe-jane-larguar-nga-fsk-ja-nuk-mund-te-kthehen/

The Department of Human Rights, Decentralization, and Communities Legal System Monitoring Section. P.3. Available at:

https://www.osce.org/kosovo/26468?download=true

The Failed State Indformer, 2010, Washington, DC: The Fund for Peace, 2011, available from: www.fundforpeace.org.

The question to ICJ made by Serbia: “Is the unilateral declaration of independence by the Provisional Institutions of Self-Government of Kosovo in accordance with international law?” at: http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/files/141/16010.pdf.

United Nations General Assembly, “Resolution A/RES/64/298”, 9 September 2010. Available at,

http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/64/298

World Bank, Empowerment and Poverty Reduction: A Sourcebook, 1 May 2002, at p. 3.


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.21113/iir.v9i1.480

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Dr.Sc. Samet Dalipi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
x
Message