Foreign Currency at the Expense of Domestic Identity: The Effects of Mechanized Farming and Industries on Oromo Sacred Natural Sites

Dr.Sc. Lenin KUTO, MA. Ayehu BACHA, MA. Amanti BARU

Abstract


This article is aimed at revealing the effects of mechanized farming and industrialization on Oromo ritual/sacred sites by focusing on Tulama and Arsi Oromo of Ethiopia. Qualitative research methodology was exploited to generate and analyze data. Data was collected through observation, interview and focus group discussion. Findings of the research indicated that, sacred sites of the Oromo are highly affected by mechanized farming and industrialization in the study areas. International and national legal frameworks guarantee people’s right to religion, self determination and property. Nonetheless, sacred/ritual sites in the area are occupied, narrowed and enclosed by mechanized farming and industries. Hence, the investments restricted activities performed in the site and denied community’s access to their land. Expropriation of landholdings does not recognize ritual sites as places with rich customs, reverence, celebration and belief systems of the local communities; this is not compatible with the basic rights enshrined in FDRE constitution. The result of this research therefore can serve as an input for policy formulation of the country concerning natural environment in an attempt to ensure communities’ right to sacred sites and ritual performances.

Keywords


Sacred natural sites; Ritual sites; Tulama and Arsi Oromo; Mechanized farming; Industrialization;

References


Abbas, S and Christensen, E (2007). The Role of Domestic Debt Markets in Economic Growth: An Empirical Investigation for Low-income Countries and Emerging Markets, IMF Working Paper, pp. 20-23.

Adam, C.S. and D.L. Bevan. (2005). Fiscal Deficits and Growth in Developing Countries. Journal of Public Economics. pp. 571-597.

Aizenman, J., K. Kletzer and B. Pinto. (2007). Economic Growth with Constraints on Tax Revenues and Public Debt: Implications for Fiscal Policy and Cross-Country Differences.

Allen, M. Rosenberg, Ch. Keller, Ch. Setser, B. Roubini, N. (2002). A Balance Sheet Approach to Financial Crisis, IMF Working Paper.

Bernanke, B. Gertler, M. Gilchrist, S. (1996). The Financial Accelerator and the Flight to Quality. The Review of Economics and Statistics, pp. 1-15.

Barro, R.J., N.G. Mankiw and X. Sala-i-Martin. (1995). Capital Mobility in Neoclassical Models of Growth, American Economic Review. pp. 103-115.

Clements, B., R. Bhattacharya and T.Q. Nguyen. (2003). External Debt, Public Investment, and Growth in Low-Income Countries, International Monetary Fund, IMF Working Papers, no. 249.

Eicher, T. and L. Hull. (2004). Financial Liberalization, Openness and Convergence, Journal of International Trade and Economic Development. pp. 443-459.

Ilzetzki, E. (2011). Rent-seeking Distortions and Fiscal Procyclicality, Journal of Development Economics, pp. 30–46.

Kumar, M.S. and J. Woo. (2010). Public Debt and Growth, International Monetary Fund, IMF Working Papers, no. 174.

Reinhart, C.M. and K.S. Rogoff. (2010). Growth in a Time of Debt, American Economic Review. pp. 573-578.

Serven, L. (2007). Fiscal Rules, Public Investment, and Growth, The World Bank, Policy Research Working Papers, no. 4382.

Sheikh M. et al. (2010). Domestic Debt and Economic Growth in Pakistan: An Empirical Analysis. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, pp. 373-387.

Turnovsky, S.J. (1996). Endogenous Growth in a Dependent Economy with Traded and Nontraded Capital. Review of International Economics. pp. 300-321.

Waheed et al. (2006). Structural breaks and unit root: evidence from Pakistani macroeconomic time series. Annual report of State Bank of Pakistan. pp. 5-6.


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.21113/iir.v10i1.554

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Dr.Sc. Lenin KUTO, MA. Ayehu BACHA, MA. Amanti BARU

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
x
Message