The effects of fiscal decentralization in Albania
“Basically decentralization is a democratic reform which seeks to transfer the political, administrative, financial and planning authority from central to local government. It seeks to develop civic participation, empowerment of local people in decision making process and to promote accountability and reliability: To achieve efficiency and effectiveness in the collection and management of resources and service delivery”1
The interest and curiosity of knowing how our country is doing in this process, still unfinished, served as a motivation forme to treat this topic: fiscal decentralization as a process of giving 'power' to local governments, not only in terms of rights deriving from this process but also on the responsibilities that come with it.
Which are the stages before and after decentralization, and how has it affected the process in several key indicators? Is decentralization a good process only, or can any of its effects be seen as an disadvantage?
Dabla, Norris, E., The challenge of Fiscal Decentralization in transition countries, 2006
Dhimitri, J., Hoxha, A., Fiscal decentralization in See countries, Case of Albania, Stability Pact Conference, 30 September 2006
Muçollari, O., Policies and instruments of local development, Tiranë, 2009
Bird, R. M., Vaillancourt, F., Fiscal Decentralization in Developing Countries: An Overview” Cambridge University Press, 1-48, 1998.
Feruglio, N., Fiscal Decentralization Advisor, UNDP, Bratislava Regional Centre, CEU Summer Course, Sustainable Human Development and the MDGs, 2007
Albania and Decentralization in Transition, Analytical report from the World Bank, August 2004
Fiscal Report of the Ministry of Finance, March 2011
UNDP, Fiscal Decentralization in Transition Economies: Case Studies from the Balkans and Caucasus, Bratislava, 2005
Law no. 8652, date 31.07.2000, “On the Organization and Functioning of Local Government”
Law no. 9632 “On local tax system” amended
Law no. 9869 , date.04.02.2008, "On local loans"
Fiscal decentralization and poverty reduction, http://asia-acific.undp.org/practices/governance/documents/Primer_FDPR-200511.pdf
Decentralisation and development: the contradictions of local governance in Uganda, 2008
Copyright (c) 2016 Dr.Sc. Blerta Dragusha, Dr.Sc. Elez Osmani
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