What’s Wrong To Kosova’s Peacebulding?
Two decades since the war ended in Kosova, difficulties, especially those of a political nature, worsened. The combination of local and international efforts have catalyzed and facilitated achieving the rule of law and interethnic reliability within the state of Kosovo, but not reconciliation. There are still to truths, an Albanian and a Serbian. Few of war criminals for Kosova’s crimes were sentenced. Hate speeches are again between. It appears that peace building is not as easily conceivable as initially thought, considering the lack of agreement between internal and international actors on the creation of a new state of Kosova. This article attempts to answer to what extent Kosovo’s peace building has been influenced by international ambiguity and wrongful decisions made by the Kosova’s institutions, highlighting the obstructive politics and agents such as political and socio-economic, interrupting inter-ethnic reconciliatory treatment toward sustainable peace in the Balkan region.
AFP News Agency, Lavrov backs Iranian deal, swipes at Ukraine and Kosovo, 28 September 2018, https://www.rferl.org/a/unga-russia-us-iran-kosovo-ukraine/29515438.html
Azar, Edward E., The Management of Protracted Social Conflict: Theory and Case, Dartmouth Publishing Company, London, 1990, at p. 11.
B. C. Smith, Good Governance and Development, Hampshire, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, p.6.
Barbara Surk, Kosovo Parliament Votes to Create an Army, Defying Serbia and NATO, The New York Times, December 14, 2018,
Dušan Stojanović, Serbian president’s praise of Milosevic triggers outrage, Washington Post, 10 September 2018, Available at:
Dvojica srpskih pripadnika KSF-a pušteni na slobodu, KoSSev, 2018,
Erdhi lajmi i shumëpritur, Kosova i ka plotësuar kriteret për liberalizim vizash, Koha, https://www.koha.net/arbëri/105815/erdhi-lajmi-i-shumepritur-kosova-i-ka-plotesuar-kriteret-per-liberalizim-vizash/
Erëza Pula, Determinants of Trust in Institutions in Kosovo: An empirical perspective, Group for Legal and Political Studies, October, 2017. Available at:
Global Peace Indformer, 2018, available from:
Independence of the Judiciary in Kosovo: Institutional and Functional Dimensions, 2012. p. 25.
https://www.osce.org/kosovo/87138?download=true, referred to Monthly Report – July 2007,
Janusz Bugajski, 2013. Return of Balkans: Challenges to European Integration and U.S. Disengagement, Strategic Studies Institute and U.S. Army War College Press. P.4.
Julija Simić, Secondhand Russian fighter jets arrive in Serbia, EURACTIV.rs,
Kosovo-Serbia Dialogue Challenges and the Way Forward, KDI, March 2018. p. 14.
Kosovo legislature approves creation of national army, DW,
Kosovske snage bezbednosti: Srpski pripadnici zatražili raskid ugovora zbog pritiska iz Srbije, KoSSev, 2018, https://kossev.info/vesti-s-kosova-kosovske-snage-bezbednosti-srpski-pripadnici-traze-ostavke-zbog-pritiska-iz-srbije/
Nga marsi, Serbia ka shtuar dukshëm presionin mbi pjesëtarët serbë në FSK, Indeksonline, 3 korrik 2018, http://indeksonline.net/nga-marsi-serbia-ka-shtuar-dukshem-presionin-mbi-pjesetaret-serbe-ne-fsk/
Papua Nova Gvineja šesta zemlja koja je povukla priznanje Kosova, RTS, 5 Jul 2018,
Public Pulse Brief, XIV, June 2018, UNDP, p. 4.
Rakić: Srpska lista izlazi iz kosovske vlade, Danas Online, 2018,
Samet Dalipi, Nehat Demiri, Arta Pllana-Shipoli, Not-recognizing policy within the minority EU members - Challenge for Kosovo’s Integration and Regional Peace-building, ILIRIA International Review – Vol 6, No 2 (2016) p. 176. © Felix–Verlag, Holzkirchen, Germany and Iliria College, Pristina, Kosovo, Available at: www.dx.doi.org/10.21113/iir.v6i2.272
See Ministry of Foreign Affairs, at:
Slucaj Trepca: Srpski ministri zamrzli učešće u Vladi u Prištini, Politika, 2016,
Serbia threatens military action after Kosovo votes to create army, Independent
SERBIAN SOLDIER OF THE 21ST CENTURY: Equipment coming for 1.500 elite soldiers, Telegraf, January 2017,
Serbia to get Russian warplanes, tanks, armored vehicles, b92, December 2016,
Thaçi: Ata që janë larguar nga FSK-ja nuk mund të kthehen më, Telegrafi, 13.7.2018, https://telegrafi.com/thaci-ata-qe-jane-larguar-nga-fsk-ja-nuk-mund-te-kthehen/
The Department of Human Rights, Decentralization, and Communities Legal System Monitoring Section. P.3. Available at:
The Failed State Indformer, 2010, Washington, DC: The Fund for Peace, 2011, available from: www.fundforpeace.org.
The question to ICJ made by Serbia: “Is the unilateral declaration of independence by the Provisional Institutions of Self-Government of Kosovo in accordance with international law?” at: http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/files/141/16010.pdf.
United Nations General Assembly, “Resolution A/RES/64/298”, 9 September 2010. Available at,
World Bank, Empowerment and Poverty Reduction: A Sourcebook, 1 May 2002, at p. 3.
Copyright (c) 2019 Dr.Sc. Samet Dalipi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeThe Effect of Open Access).